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How to Properly Paint a Room – part 1: PREPARATION

Part 1: How to prepare a room for painting

Being fully prepared before you start painting is important. Not only does it ensure that you get the best results when you’re done, it also helps prevent mistakes that can end up costing you both time and money.

Knowing how to prepare a room for painting is a step that people often skip, because they assume they already know what to do, even if they don’t.

Below we have outlined the things needed for getting started painting your home - it’s actually very easy and doing it properly will ensure that your finished result will look professional and that it will hold up nicely as well as continue looking beautiful for years to come.

 

What you need:
Sand Paper
Sanding Block
Spackling Paste
Putty Knife
Caulk + Caulking Gun
Masking Tape
Drop Cloth
Plastic Sheating
Rags / wiping cloths

Tools:
Screwdriver
Pliers
Ladder
Dust Mask
Safety Glasses

How to Use it:

Sand Paper & Sanding Block
Rough up smooth area
Smoothen out rough and uneven areas

Spackling Paste & Putty Knife
Fill in small holes

Caulk + Caulking Gun
Used around moldings to fill in gaps, as well as in cracks and corners

Masking Tape
Tape off glass, windows, panels and other fixtures

Drop Cloth & Plastic Sheeting
Cover up floor and furniture

Rags / wiping cloths
For wiping up spills and stains when they occur

Screwdriver
Removing lids from paint cans

Pliers
For removing nails from the wall

Ladder
For reaching high places

Dust Mask
For protecting yourself from paint dust when sanding

Safety Glasses
For protecting your eyes from dust particles when sanding and from paint spills when painting
Step by Step

Part 1. - Prepping the Room Itself

Remove all furniture from the room. If this isn’t possible, then move everything to the center of the room and cover with plastic sheeting.
2. Cover the floor with canvas drop cloth to protect the flooring. 
 Canvas drop cloth works better, as there is less chance of you slipping on it, however, using plastic sheeting is also acceptable, just be careful not to trip.
 Spread out the canvas drop cloth all over the room, and along all of the walls.
3. Remove anything hanging on the walls. This could be pictures, artwork, dry erase boards, blinds, curtains etc.
 Also remove the hooks, nails and screws used for hanging these items.
3.5. Remove cover outlet plates and cover the outlets with tape, so you don’t accidentally spill paint on them.

Part 2. - Prepping the Walls

If you think it’s necessary you can lightly sand all the walls, paying special attention to areas where the previous paint jobs weren’t the best, such as areas with pin streaks and other imperfections. 
You can use sandpaper with a grid of 220 or higher for this job.
2. Patch cracks and holes in your walls using the caulking paste.
3. Lightly sand the patched area to get a smooth and even surface.
4. You can also sand glossy areas in order to prepare them for the pain and get better paint adhesion, which will help prevent the paint from peeling off in the long run.
5. When everything is dry, gently wipe down the walls with a damp cloth, in order to remove all the dust and dirt.
6. Caulk the gaps between moulding and walls.
7. Apply masking tape around trims, doors and windows to prevent them from getting stained by the paint. Remember to run your finger along the edge of the masking tape to create a tight seal, which will prevent paint from bleeding under it.

Now you’re ready for priming your walls, to create a better foundation for your final paint job.

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